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This course is an introduction to critical thinking—thinking about arguments, about reasons that might be given in support of a conclusion. The objective of the course is to improve the student's ability in the basic skills of critical thinking: ● how to recognize arguments, ● how to interpret them, ● how to evaluate them, ● how to construct them. The Ivy League professor who lost her driver’s license because she suffered another fender bender.
Thus, in each topic covered, our natural logical instincts serve as a starting point, from which we develop a rigorous, theoretical understanding, which then boosts our critical thinking skills.● Arguments: What They Are and How to Recognize Them● Interpretation: Saying What the Argument Is● Evaluation: Arguments Good and Bad● The Logic of Sets● Conditional and Disjunctive Arguments● Truth Trees and Relations● Generalization and Causation● Analogy and Explanation● Constructing Arguments Lesson 1.
Argument Ad Baculum and Ad Misericordiam Lesson 25.
And finally, we will explore a variety of questions that are essential to a critical thinker’s habitual thought process as they work their way through a problem.
This article post is part of the Effective Thinking series of IQ Matrix maps that are designed to help you successfully deal with the problems and challenges confronting your reality.
Our discussion today will delve into the mind of an outstanding critical thinker.
We will first break down the essential qualities of critical thinking, after which we will delve into the critical thinking process and analyze the different types of perspectives that critical thinkers adopt into their everyday thinking routine.Becoming an outstanding critical thinker has more to do with a state-of-mind rather than a specific set of tools, techniques or strategies you have at your disposal.It is this state-of-mind that will help you to overcome the obstacles and challenges you face on a daily basis.Developing these skills is extremely important, because critical thinking is an essential, pervasive part of our lives. We need to think critically whenever we consider reasons for or against some claim or action—something required in all fields of knowledge and all kinds of decision-making. According to one 2016 survey, more than half of companies say that new employees aren’t sufficiently trained in effective forms of critical thinking.To address these concerns, some schools are changing their ways.At Two Rivers Public Charter School in Washington, D.C., for instance, educators aim to empower students with improved critical thinking skills.Of course, we all know, to some extent or another, how to think critically—how to think about reasons for or against some claim. The course is built on the assumption that learning more about what exactly is involved in thinking about reasons leads us to do it better.