Turning Point In China An Essay On The Cultural Revolution

William Hinton’s views on the Cultural Revolution went through three periods of development.The first is most clearly represented in (Monthly Review Press, 1990), Hinton publicly opposes the new regime and reaffirms the goals of the Cultural Revolution—even if it did not succeed in realizing them.In a speech at the 1999 Socialist Scholars Conference in New York City, William Hinton explained that the method of the Cultural Revolution was to “mobiliz[e] the common people to seize power from below in order to establish new representative leading bodies, democratically elected organs of power.” All over China, tens of thousands of revolutionary committees in factories, farms, and schools were built.

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What measures can be taken to restrict the class differences inherited from the old society, fend off imperialist hostility and intervention, and prevent a new capitalist class from developing within socialist society itself?

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution was China’s answer to this question.

It was a historical first—a punctuated series of mass revolutionary upsurges .

It took place within the space of eleven years, 1966–76.

Mao understood that the Cultural Revolution was a high-stakes battle to prevent the emergence of state capitalism in China.

He had studied the political economy and social relations in the Soviet Union and was convinced that capitalism had been restored there.The issues surrounding the Cultural Revolution require clarification—not just for writing history, but for looking toward the next wave of socialist revolutions.What better person than William Hinton, who spent most of his adult life working in China, to teach us about the Cultural Revolution and the twists and turns in his own understanding of this historic revolution within a socialist society?Furthermore, these young students invaded and set fire to the British Embassy.The Red Guards beat up and abused members of the diplomatic corps, and the Red Guards tore western style apparel off female personnel.The Red Guards went into citizens’ houses and threw out upper class and western style objects.The guards beat civilians up and shaved their heads.Foreign affairs with other countries were also practically impossible during the Cultural Revolution because of the actions of the Red Guards.The Red Guards took over China’s Foreign Relation’s Ministry, and conquered the former Soviet Union Embassy.The Cultural Revolution was the greatest educational incident chronicled in the last hundred years and it took place from 1966 to 1976.Mao Zedong was the leader of the Cultural Revolution and he wanted to bring about the Cultural Revolution by setting goals to form a more affective bureaucracy.


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