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The young Malthus was educated at Jesus College in Cambridge.After graduation, he chose a religious career and in 1797 was ordained an Anglican pastor. In 1798, he published his most famous treatise, Population, when unchecked, increases in a geometrical ratio.
However, threat of dearth and famine was still a fact of life for many Europeans.
In fact, population growth drove people to the margins of subsistence in an already impoverished environment.
By the end of the 18th century population growth in England and other parts of Europe accelerated due to increases in agricultural production as well as technological innovation linked to the industrial revolution, but more important European expansion overseas.
European powers were importing food and resources from other parts of the world that were in short supply at home and exported part of its excess population to the colonies.
One hundred and fifty years before, Europe had a static population of approximately 100,000,000.
NEVER was a book more perfectly timed than Thomas Robert Malthus' "Essay on the Principle of Population." It appeared in 1798, in the midst of the Demographic Revolution, and in the land whose population was to increase at a faster pace in the coming "British century" than that of any country on the Continent."Viewed in long-run perspective," writes Kingsley Davis, "the growth of the earth's population has been like a long, thin powder fuse that burns slowly and haltingly until it finally reaches the charge and then explodes." The most remarkable aspect of the increase in the population of the west which is called the Demographic Revolution is the growth of the English-speaking peoples; they multiplied from an estimated 5,500,000 in 1600 to 200,000,000 in 1940.In the last 150 years of statistical history the British Isles increased their population more than fourfold, while at the same time they contributed more than 17,500,000 people to the settlement of North America and the overseas Dominions.In 1650 the population of the world had been approximately 500,000,000; in 1940 it was to be two billion.Half a billion of this growth came in the 150 years from 1650 to 1800, and more than a billion has come since then.In comparison with a couple of centuries earlier, Europe had fewer forests and less wildlife.Climate conditions were unfavorable due to the Little Ice Age and the landscape showed signs of severe degradation because people pushed agriculture into marginal areas.Thomas Robert Malthus was an English economist and demographer.He was born in 1766 into a wealthy family: his father was a personal friend of the philosopher David Hume and was in contact with Jean-Jacques Rousseau.But there was another development: the age of reason, often called the Enlightenment.Thinkers and scientists across Europe developed ideas about social justice, poverty relief and sanitation.