In this survey article, we are targeting an innovative aspect of analysis on routing in wireless sensor network (WSN) that has never been seen in the available literature before.
This article can be a guiding light for new researchers to comprehend the WSN technology, energy aware routing, and the factors that affect the energy aware routing in WSN.
The deployment of sensor nodes is either in uniform or in random fashion that is defined by the requirements and the available situation.
Their line of sight communication range is 75 to 100 m with a 1/2 wave dipole antenna in the outdoor environment.
In wireless sensor network, the scattering of nodes in the target area is to decentralize the network traffic and balance the computational load, increasing the network coverage, reliability, and capacity.
This distributed scenario of sensor nodes in the network helps in avoiding the single point of failure.
WSN technology that is encapsulating such a long list of qualities is now in action with lots of mind-blowing applications by indulging it in various fabrics of life.
The cradle of WSN research was first nourished by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) through the military applications.
The network nodes establish communication links with each other nodes in their footprint through the omnidirectional full duplex antenna.
This cooperative interaction among the network nodes covers the whole network that gives birth to the self-synchronization, self-organizing, and self-adaptive capabilities of wireless sensor network.