Learn more about the process, causes, and effects of ozone layer depletion.
Ozone is a colorless gas found in the upper atmosphere of the Earth.
It plays an important role in converting atmospheric carbon dioxide into oxygen.
Ultraviolet rays can influence the survival rates of these microscopic organisms, by affecting their orientation and mobility.
This hole enables harmful ultraviolet rays to enter the Earth's atmosphere.
Ultraviolet rays of the Sun are associated with a number of health-related, and environmental issues.
A combination of low temperatures, elevated chlorine, and bromine concentrations in the upper stratosphere are responsible for the destruction of ozone.
The production and emission of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), is the leading cause of ozone layer depletion.
Ozone depletion affects many species at every stage of their life cycle. Plankton (phytoplankton and bacterioplankton) are threatened by increased UV radiation.
Marine phytoplankton play a fundamental role in both the food chain as well as the oceanic carbon cycle.