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This view changed with the birth of James’s son in June 1688, as the king now had a Catholic heir.
The Glorious Revolution (1688–89) in England stemmed from religious and political conflicts. His religion, and his actions rooted in it, put him at odds with the non-Catholic population and others.
Many tolerated him, thinking that the throne would eventually pass to his eldest child, Mary, who was Protestant.
The Hamilton Mausoleum in South Lanarkshire has the longest echo of any man-made structure in the world; a whole 15 seconds. Scotland has more than 600 square miles of freshwater lakes, including the famous Loch Ness. The capital of Scotland, Edinburgh, is only its second largest city, after Glasgow. Edinburgh was the first city in the world which had its own fire brigade. Like Rome, Edinburgh (pictured below) was built on seven hills and the capital has more listed buildings than anywhere in the world. The motto of Scotland is “Nemo me impune lacessit”, or: "No one provokes me with impunity". Scottish city Aberdeen is known as Europe’s oil capital, or the “Granite City”. The deepest loch in Scotland, Loch Morar, reaches 1,077ft (328m) down and is ranked the seventeenth deepest lake in the world. Scotland’s smallest distillery, Edradour in Pitlochry, has 100,000 visitors per year but produces just 90,000 litres of malt whisky. It is home to the oldest tree in Europe (pictured below), a twisted yew which has stood in Fortingall for 3,000 years.
After Elizabeth I died, James VI of Scotland also became James I of England, ruling both countries. St Andrews Links is considered the "home of golf"; the sport has been played there since the 15th century. Queen Victoria is reputed to have smoked cigarettes during her visits to the Highlands of Scotland to keep away midges. Edinburgh was home to Skye terrier Grey Friar’s Bobby, who captured the hearts of the nation by sitting on the grave of his dead owner for 14 years. Scotland is currently the second largest country in the UK, after England. The highest point in Scotland is Ben Nevis, (pictured below) at 4,406ft (1343m) 16.
James’s overt Roman Catholicism, his suspension of the legal rights of Dissenters, and the birth of a Catholic heir to the throne raised discontent among many, particularly non-Catholics. The birth of his son in June raised the likelihood of a Catholic heir to the throne and helped bring discontent to a head.
Opposition leaders invited William of Orange, a Protestant who was married to James’s daughter Mary (also Protestant), to, in effect, invade England. Several leading Englishmen invited William of Orange, a Protestant who was married to James’s eldest daughter, Mary (also Protestant), to lead an army to England.In 1687 he issued a Declaration of Indulgence, suspending the penal laws against Dissenters and recusants, and in April 1688 ordered that a second Declaration of Indulgence be read from every pulpit on two successive Sundays.William Sancroft, the archbishop of Canterbury, and six other bishops petitioned him against this and were prosecuted for seditious libel.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!The Glorious Revolution refers to the events of 1688–89 that saw King James II of England deposed and succeeded by one of his daughters and her husband. In 1688 King James II of England, a Roman Catholic king who was already at odds with non-Catholics in England, took actions that further alienated that group.The Glorious Revolution (1688–89) permanently established Parliament as the ruling power of England—and, later, the United Kingdom—representing a shift from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy.When William III and Mary II were crowned, they swore to govern according to the laws of Parliament, not the laws of the monarchy.He describes how Scotland was transformed from a backward and feudal economy to a new centre of emergent capitalism.He traces the economic and social crisis that led to Scotland's incorporation into the Union in 1707, but argues that the Union did not lead to the transformation of Scottish society. Three Dimensions of Socio-Economic Crisis: the 1690s3.Seven eminent Englishmen, including one bishop and six prominent politicians of both Whig and Tory persuasions, wrote to William of Orange, inviting him to come over with an army to redress the nation’s grievances.William was both James’s nephew and his son-in-law, and, until the birth of James’s son, William’s wife, Mary, was heir apparent.