The literature review published as its own article presents and analyzes as many of the important texts in an area of study as possible to provide background information and context for a current area of research or a study.
Stand-alone reviews are an excellent resource for researchers when they are first searching for the most relevant information on an area of study.
Its purpose is to set research precedence and provide support for the study’s theory, methods, results, and/or conclusions.
Not all research articles contain an explicit review of the literature, but many do, whether it is a discrete section or indistinguishable from the rest of the Introduction.
I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review.
In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, I also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these are written (I have also provided links to a couple of examples at the end of these guidelines (b) read over other guides to writing literature reviews so that you see different perspectives and approaches: Some examples are: Read through the links provided below on APA guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in APA style: in particular, pay attention to general document guidelines (e.g.The two types of literature reviews commonly found in journals are those introducing research articles (studies and surveys) and stand-alone literature analyses.They can differ in their scope, length, and specific purpose.Rather, you can take the pieces that other researchers have “cut” and put them together to build a framework on which to hang your own “books”—that is, your own study methods, results, and conclusions.The contents of a literature review are determined by many factors, including its precise purpose in the document, the degree of consensus with a given theory or tension between competing theories, the length of the article, the amount of previous studies existing in the given field, etc.At the end of the review is a conclusion that once again explicitly ties all of these works together to show how this analysis is itself a contribution to the literature.So how do authors turn a network of articles into a coherent review of relevant literature?The literature review found at the beginning of a journal article is used to introduce research related to the specific study and is found in the Introduction section, usually near the end.It is shorter than a stand-alone review because it must limit its scope to very specific studies and theories that are directly relevant to this study.font, margins, spacing), title page, abstract, body, text citations, quotations.It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M. project, or is in some way related to the topic of your final project.