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Science moves forward only by building upon the work of others.There are, however, other reasons for citing references in scientific research papers.
If you read and thoroughly digest a good review article, you should be able to “talk the talk” about a given topic. In edited books it is the chapter that is the entity you are using as a source and what you are going to write a reference to.
Unlike research articles, review articles Meta-analysis - "Meta-analysis is a statistical technique for combining the results of different studies to see if the overall effect is significant". Since writing a reference to a chapter from an edited book differs from writing a reference to a full book you will find specific instructions on how to write a correct reference to a chapter from an edited book in the section about "How to write...".
Since a review article sums up results published in primary research articles it is a secondary source.
Ideally, the author(s) searches for relevant to the topic, and then sorts it all out into a coherent view of the “state of the art” as it now stands. There are different types of books: Textbooks offer a broad-based foundation to the study of subject.
When an article is submitted to a peer reviewed journal, the editors send it out to other researchers in the same field (the author's peers) to get their opinion on the quality of the work, its relevance to the field, its appropriateness for the journal, etc.
Research articles typically follow a particular format (often denoted IMRAD) and include specific elements that show how the research study was designed, how the data was gathered, how it was analyzed, and what the conclusions are.
Review articles give you information on the background and context of a subject as well as the main people working in a field, recent major advances and discoveries, significant gaps in the research, current debates and ideas of where research might go next. There are also more advanced textbooks, but still textbooks contain well established knowledge and the latest findings are (usually) not included.
Review articles are virtual gold mines if you want to find out what the key articles are for a given topic. Specialist topic books deals with more narrow topics in a more scientific way. the different chapters in the book are written by different authors who are experts at their part of the topic respectively.
Since library databases include citations to all sorts of sources it's important to be able to identify different types.
A research article (or original article or research paper) is an article published in an academic journal where researchers publish the results of their original, empirical research and it is a primary source.