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Also like Project Management, the primary question is, “Is this training oriented towards the organization's goals? ” In Project Management, project planning is used to create a consistent, coherent document that can be used to guide both the execution and control of the project – the project blueprint.All of the detailed work has to be planned estimated, scheduled, and authorized.During this phase, all of the work needed to create the training is determined, along with the personnel needed to work on the training program.
Historical information and organizational policies are used to assist with the planning.
Constraints and assumptions are scrutinized to determine their affect on the planning process. Some of the items included in the plan are: Guide lists and describes each of these, along with many others, in much more detail.
This is done through a needs analysis to determine the desired performance of the employees, the current performance of the employees, and if a performance gap exists.
Like Project Management, this is the phase in which the training program (the project) is authorized and an individual (the project manager) is appointed to development the training.
The Design phase of ISD creates the blueprint for the training program.
Once the training requirements are determined, the goals and objectives (scope) of the training are developed.Note: Although the phases are discussed in a linear fashion in this paper for convenience, it should be noted that their relationship is not linear.Particularly in project management, you will go back and forth between the phases depending on how the project progresses.During this time, I became aware of the Project Management Institute (PMI Guide) and, as I studied more, took formal training, and became more experienced, came to the realization that the five phases of Project Management are, in practice, identical to the five phases of the Instructional Systems Design model. They each provide a systematic organized process for accomplishing a specific project, which in the case of training, results in the creation of a specific training program.In other words, Instructional Systems Design is the equivalent of Project Management in the training arena. The first goal is to show the similarities of the five phase Project Management process and the five phase Instructional Systems Design (commonly referred to as ISD) process.The analysis phase in ISD begins when someone, either the training professional or a future sponsor feels that a training program will help to enhance the organization's business through the skill enhancement of its employees.Once the training professional gets this assignment, an analysis needs to be completed to determine if training is required. Using Project Management to Develop Training Programs.This training responsibility was a primary task in all of my positions.In some cases, such as highly dangerous training, a through risk analysis and management plan is required.Like Project Management, the training program is completely planned out so that a consistent and coherent document is created that will guide the development of the training program.