Process Skills In Problem Solving

Process Skills In Problem Solving-58
Here is a five-stage model that most students can easily memorize and put into action and which has direct applications to many areas of the curriculum as well as everyday life: For younger students, illustrations are helpful in organizing data, manipulating information, and outlining the limits of a problem and its possible solution(s).Students can use drawings to help them look at a problem from many different perspectives.

Here is a five-stage model that most students can easily memorize and put into action and which has direct applications to many areas of the curriculum as well as everyday life: For younger students, illustrations are helpful in organizing data, manipulating information, and outlining the limits of a problem and its possible solution(s).Students can use drawings to help them look at a problem from many different perspectives.

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If this problem-solving thing is so important to daily life, what is it?

Problem-solving is the process of observing what is going on in your environment; identifying things that could be changed or improved; diagnosing why the current state is the way it is and the factors and forces that influence it; developing approaches and alternatives to influence change; making decisions about which alternative to select; taking action to implement the changes; and observing impact of those actions in the environment.

There is a complex and ever-changing web of relationships that exist and as a result, the actions of one person will often have either a direct impact on others or an indirect impact by changing the environment dynamics.

These interdependencies enable humans to work together to solve more complex problems but they also create a force that requires everyone to continuously improve performance to adapt to improvements by others.

The development and use of problem-solving skills also improves learning.

Rossman (1993) suggests that when students use problem-solving skills, "The role of the student changes from a passive recipient of information to a participant in the creation of understanding.Personal and business environments are full of things, activities, interactions and processes that are broken or not operating in the way they are desired to work.Problem-solving gives us a mechanism for identifying these things, figuring out why they are broken and determining a course of action to fix them.Each step in the problem-solving process employs skills and methods that contribute to the overall effectiveness of influencing change and determine the level of problem complexity that can be addressed.Humans learn how to solve simple problems from a very early age (learning to eat, make coordinated movements and communicate) – and as a person goes through life problem-solving skills are refined, matured and become more sophisticated (enabling them to solve more difficult problems).It involves overcoming obstacles by generating hypo-theses, testing those predictions, and arriving at satisfactory solutions.Problem-solving involves three basic functions: Problem-solving is, and should be, a very real part of the curriculum.Next, say the magic words, "Let's find out" and begin exploring information and experimenting.In this example, the teacher gathered the students' prior knowledge so that he could assess their background and then decide how best to approach the problem.Problem-solving is important both to individuals and organizations because it enables us to exert control over our environment.Fixing things that are broken: Some things wear out and break over time, others are flawed from day-1.

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