Although both the general deterrence and the special deterrence methods of punishment were widely used and believed to be beneficial, the U. Department of Justice reports that in 1994 a total of 272,111 convicts were released from prison in 15 states.
By 1997, 67.5% of the same groups of convicts were again arrested for felonies or significant misdemeanors; 46.9% were again convicted, and 25.4% were convicted for a different offense (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2007).
The Justice System focuses on deterrence, incapacitation, punishment, and rehabilitation as goals.
The evaluation of punishment and rehabilitation will display the success of the programs, the effect on the victims, the control of the offenders, the bearing on the community, and the financial influence on the public.
The primary purpose of therapy is to access the problems that some convicts may experience and provide the appropriate treatment.
By reviewing the convicts personal history, physical condition, and mental condition, treatment such as psychotherapy, drug therapy, or a combination of both, can be administered.
Rehabilitation Rather than generating short-term solutions for society by applying criminal punishment, rehabilitation is used as an alternative.
Perpetual crime prevention techniques are engendered through rehabilitation.
Because the death penalty can be a lengthy process the likelihood of convicts appealing has increased.
Once taking these options into consideration, individuals contemplating crimes may think the risks are worthwhile (Hargreaves, 2009).