Academic publishing is the process of contributing the results of one's research into the literature, which often requires a peer-review process.
Original scientific research published for the first time in scientific journals is called the primary literature.
Usually an author or authors circumvent that problem by rewriting an article and using other pictures.
Some publishers may also want publicity for their journal so will approve facsimile reproduction unconditionally; other publishers are more resistant.
A scientific article has a standardized structure, which varies only slightly in different subjects.
Although the IMRAD structure emphasizes the organization of content and in scientific journal articles, each section (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion) has unique conventions for scientific writing style.The value of publication as a preprint or scientific report on the web has in the past been low, but in some subjects, such as mathematics or high energy physics, it is now an accepted alternative.The actual day-to-day records of scientific information are kept in research notebooks or logbooks.Patents and technical reports, for minor research results and engineering and design work (including computer software), can also be considered primary literature.Secondary sources include review articles (which summarize the findings of published studies to highlight advances and new lines of research) and books (for large projects or broad arguments, including compilations of articles).Click here to see a table that lists the various kinds of literature reviews that you may encounter in your research. Scientific literature comprises scholarly publications that report original empirical and theoretical work in the natural and social sciences, and within an academic field, often abbreviated as the literature.Scholarly journals mainly publish articles that have been reviewed by a group of peers in whichever field the journal or article topic is written on.Knowing the importance of peer-reviewed articles can help you when you're doing research or thinking about becoming a professor at certain colleges and universities.Though peer review and the learned journal format are not themselves an essential part of scientific literature, they are both convenient ways of ensuring that the above fundamental criteria are met.They are essentially a means of quality control, a term which also encompasses other means towards the same goal.