On Nov 2, 1869, Fort Garry was seized by the committee, which invited the people of Red River, however, both English and French- speaking, to appoint delegates.
While armed resistance, led John Christian Schultz and John Stoughton Dennis, followed, the federal government postponed the transfer planned for Dec. Riel issued a "Declaration of the People of Rupert's Land and the Northwest" and on Dec.
Riel appointed a military tribunal, presided over by his associate, Ambroise Dydine Lépine, of St. Scott was convicted, sentenced to death and executed by a firing squad in the courtyard of Fort Garry on March 4, 1870.
In Ontario, it was Riel, however, who was widely denounced as Scott's "murderer" and a reward of $5,000 was offered for his arrest.
The North-West Rebellion lasted from March 26 to May 12 before Riel surrendered at the Battle of Batoche and on July 6, 1885, he was charged with high treason.
Riel was convicted, and the federal cabinet, with Macdonald again as prime minister, declined to commute the death sentence imposed by Lt.-Col.
Hugh Richardson, a stipendiary magistrate of the Saskatchewan District of the North-West Territories.
Riel's body was sent to St Boniface and interred in the cemetery in front of the cathedral.
During these years, he was frustrated by having to remain in exile despite his growing belief that he was a divinely chosen leader and prophet, a belief which would later resurface and influence his actions.
Because of this new religious conviction, Catholic leaders who had supported him before increasingly repudiated him.