Alternately, TB can temporarily cause impaired glucose tolerance and might predispose patients to DM .Moreover, chronic infections such as TB are associated with idiopathic hyperglycemia, which occurs due to increased production of counter-regulatory stress hormones such as epinephrine, glucagon, cortisol, and growth hormone which act synergistically .To ensure scientific rigor, the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines was used .
Advancing industrialization and urbanization have contributed to lifestyle changes, primarily in dietary habits, leading to increased rates of obesity and Type II diabetes mellitus (DM).
Globally, there are approximately 422 million adults living with DM of which about 80% of cases reside in LMIC [2,3,4], where concomitantly communicable diseases, such as tuberculosis (TB), are often endemic .
Type 2 DM accounts for about 90% of the diabetes with even higher prevalence in urban and aged populations .
The dual burden of communicable and non-communicable epidemics facing Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) further complicates the experiences and implications of these diseases.
There are known negative impacts in co-morbid cases .