Main characters are more complex and essential to the story line, while minor characters tend to be flat and remain unchanged throughout the story.
Characters can also be categorized as protagonists or antagonists.
Don't forget to evaluate their role in the story; are they the protagonist, who is usually the main character who is experiencing the conflict, or is their job to serve as an opposing force in the story, thus making them the antagonist?
Lastly, take a look at the conflict, which is what motivates and changes the protagonist.
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It creates the journey the character takes in the story.
Conflict can be internal, where a character is not struggling with a tangible opposition but with something within him or herself. These are essential questions to ask when analyzing a character.
As the book progresses, however, the boys began to turn to more savage behaviors, and Ralph loses his authority among the group.
Ralph, as the protagonist in the story, experiences conflicts not only with the other boys but, more significantly, within himself and his own morality.