Importance Of Teamwork In Nursing Essay

Importance Of Teamwork In Nursing Essay-63
In doing so, we highlight the importance of moving beyond simply including smart people on a team to thinking about how those people can effectively coordinate and collaborate.In particular, we review the importance of two communication processes: ensuring that team members with relevant knowledge (1) speak up when one’s expertise can be helpful and (2) influence the team’s work so that the team does its collective best for the patient.

In doing so, we highlight the importance of moving beyond simply including smart people on a team to thinking about how those people can effectively coordinate and collaborate.In particular, we review the importance of two communication processes: ensuring that team members with relevant knowledge (1) speak up when one’s expertise can be helpful and (2) influence the team’s work so that the team does its collective best for the patient.

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Across health care, there is an increasing reliance on teams from a variety of specialties (e.g., nursing, physician specialties, physical therapy, social work) to care for patients.

At the same time, medical error is estimated to be “the third most common cause of death in the US” [1], and teamwork failures (e.g., failures in communication) account for up to 70-80 percent of serious medical errors [2-5].

In doing so, we draw a distinction between having smart people on a team and having smart teams.

We review the importance of laying the groundwork for creating smart teams, which enables two critical communication processes: ensuring that team members with relevant knowledge (1) speak up when their expertise can be helpful and (2) influence the team’s work so that the team does its collective best for the patient.

One obstacle is that members may not realize they have information worth sharing.

For example, research on “the common knowledge effect” highlights the tendency for team members to focus on knowledge that is already commonly shared among group members.

A series of studies have revealed factors related to collective intelligence, providing some insight into how to more reliably cultivate smart teams.

First is the social perceptiveness of team members, or their ability to infer others’ mental states, such as beliefs or feelings based on subtle cues [10].

The shift to providing care in teams is well founded given the potential for improved performance that comes with teamwork [6], but, as demonstrated by these grave statistics, teamwork does not come without challenges.

Consequently, there is a critical need for health care professionals, particularly those in leadership roles, to consider strategies for improving team-based approaches to providing quality patient care.

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