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You can think of yourself as a doctor understanding symptoms or a detective collecting clues at the scene of a crime. If possible, understand where the problem does and doesn’t happen, when the problem started, and how often the problem occurs to generate critical insight for the problem-solving effort.
People experience a spark of genius when they are busy doing something unrelated to the problem they are trying to solve.
You don’t have to take a long incubation period to make the most of it.
Hurdles are disheartening, and they’re often unavoidable. Even the most successful people you admire face obstacles everyday. If you see a challenge as your call to action, it is amazing how your mind works to find solutions.
Every obstacle can be a great opportunity if you take your time and plan ahead.
Ken Watanabe, the author of , recommends the decision tree, a tool that uses a tree-like model of decisions and their possible outcomes and consequences.
The decision problem is not posed in terms of an isolated decision.Keep redefining the problem until you arrive at the root cause. What pattern do you notice if you look at the problem over time? Where might you expect to see the same problem but don’t? Don’t try to guess the solution; try to understand how the obstacles, or challenges manifest first. Consider all options, regardless of how irrelevant they currently appear.Maria Konnikova, author of “…every time you find yourself making a judgment immediately upon observing — in fact, even if you don’t think you are, and even if everything seems to make perfect sense — train yourself to stop and repeat: It is impossible as I state it, and therefore I must in some respect have stated it wrong. It will save you from many errors in perception.”2. No way of looking at things is too sacred to be reconsidered. He studied how water moved in rivers to better understand how blood flows through our veins.The idea is to take everything apart until you have the individual pieces Once you’ve broken your problem down, you can easily analyse the cause, and, finally, execute the best action plan.The point of analysis is to never accept statements at face value, including your own.“Creativity involves breaking out of established patterns to look at things in a different way,” says Edward de Bono. Their job is to question basic assumptions to figure things out.If you can resist time pressure, and give yourself a moment to reflect, you will come up with options, even better solutions.“What if…? ” are questions that open up possibilities for better solutions. Many people assume that they just need to think harder when faced with a tough decision to make, or when they trying to solve a difficult problem.But concentrating harder won’t force that ‘eureka moment’ you need. When you stop thinking about a task, your brain continues working on the problem in the background.“To solve a problem creatively, to have an insight, our brain tends to escape visual distractors, to physically block information, and to look somewhere else.In many situations when people encounter a problem, they tend to default to what they outside an existing problem to generate more creative solutions. The idea is to take everything apart and think beyond the existing principle.Should narrows your thinking process to one answer, the one that seems most obvious.“…when we think in terms of “could,” we stay open-minded and the trade-offs involved inspire us to come up with creative solutions,” says Francesca Gino of Harvard Business Review. This process opens up your mind to new ways to figure out better solutions.Then go back and restate it from the beginning and in a different fashion than you did the first time around. If you look closely is it always the same every time? No way of doing things is beyond improvement,” says Edward De Bono, author of Find a way to connect the dots. He dissected humans to understand how layers of muscle, tissue, and tendons work inside our body.This knowledge allowed him to paint details that no other painter considered at the time.