Ethics Abortion Essay

She gives as an example a hypothetical woman who seeks a late-term abortion "just to avoid the nuisance of postponing a trip abroad" and declares this to be "positively indecent".

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The fact that she does adds to the offensiveness of deducing that the mother can do nothing from the supposition that third parties can do nothing.

But it does more than this: it casts a bright light on the supposition that third parties can do nothing.

"[I]f you do allow him to go on using your kidneys, this is a kindness on your part, and not something he can claim from you as his due." For the same reason, Thomson says, abortion does not violate the fetus's legitimate right to life, but merely deprives the fetus of something—the non-consensual use of the pregnant woman's body and life-support functions—to which it has no right.

Thus, by choosing to terminate her pregnancy, Thomson concludes that a pregnant woman does not normally violate the fetus's right to life, but merely withdraws its use of her own body, which usually causes the fetus to die.

You don't want children, so you fix up your windows with fine mesh screens, the very best you can buy.

As can happen, however, and on very, very rare occasions does happen, one of the screens is defective; and a seed drifts in and takes root.

Here, the people-seeds flying through the window represent conception, despite the precautionary mesh screen, which functions as contraception.

The woman does not want a people-seed to root itself in her house, and so she even takes the measure to protect herself with the best mesh screens, and then voluntarily opens the windows.

But, Thomson says, the person threatened can intervene, by which justification a mother can rightfully abort.

For what we have to keep in mind is that the mother and the unborn child are not like two tenants in a small house, which has, by unfortunate mistake, been rented to both: the mother owns the house.

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