On New Year’s Day 1863, Republican President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves in captured portions of the Confederacy, a decision which helped win the war and which brought a new order to the United States.
The North’s victory in 1865 ensured that the newly freed slaves would stay free, but their emancipation generated new questions about the future economic and political landscape of the South.
It was a fighting propagated by radical northerners.
They were after punishing the southerners who were adamant on change of their way of life.
It was a factor that convinced Lincoln that emancipation of slaves was a political and military necessity that had to be accomplished.
It is in response to the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 that saw more than three million slaves freed and their enlisting in the Union Army in large numbers reaching more than one hundred and eighty thousand by the end of the war.Sweeping change transformed the former Confederacy in the decade that followed, as the Northern victors in Congress experimented with ways to improve the lives and opportunities for freedpeople in the South.This 1866 political cartoon, distributed by a white-supremacist candidate, declared that Republicans sought to grant suffrage to black men in order to create a voting bloc for themselves.It, on the contrary, gave a lifeline for a win for a more radical reconstruction by the Republican Party.All this was commenced in 1867, which saw African-Americans having voice in the government for the first time in history.The results of this legislation were an out roar in the north.The outrage that was witnessed minimized support for the legislation that was known as the presidential reconstruction.The venerable Charles Sumner of Massachusetts—a fiery, well-spoken abolitionist who endured an infamous beating from South Carolina Representative Preston Brooks on the Senate Floor in 1856—led the Radical Republicans in the Senate.Pennsylvania Representative Thaddeus Stevens—caustic, brooding, and a brilliant political strategist—led the charge in the House.The slaves however pushed for this policy on their own in 1862 headed by thousands to the Union lines as the Lincoln’s troops marched through the south.It redefined the notion proliferated by the “peculiar institution” that slaves were content in their position.