It has been an integral part of the Indian culture from time immemorial.A prominent feature of the Indian mythology, the lotus is one with the Indian identity and represents the core values of Indian psyche.The stems, leaf stalks and roots are submerged while the leaves and flowers remain above the surface of water.
The cone shaped central female reproductive structure is termed the thalamus which is framed by the delicate petals.
The lotus bud resembles the shape of a tear-drop with pointy tip and tightly packed petals.
Name: Indian Lotus, Kamal, Padma, Sacred Lotus Scientific Name: Nelumbo nucifera Adopted in: 1950 Found in: Native to South Eastern Asian countries; cultivated in Australia, Europe, Japan and America.
Habitat: Stationary water bodies like ponds, lakes and artificial pools.
Seeds are hard, oval in shape and dark brown in color.
Cultivation Method Lotus is cultivated throughout the world for the food value of the stems and rhizome as well as for the aesthetic value of the flowers.The petals close after sunset trapping in the pollinating agents.The central yellow receptacle of the spongy thalamus contains the ovaries which develop into seeds after fertilization, and are embedded in single chambers along the surface.It is cultivated in Australia as well as in European countries for its aesthetic value. Habitat Lotus is an aquatic perennial herb that occurs in stationary water bodies like ponds and lakes.They prefer shallow, murky water in a warm climate.The petals are translucent and open in overlapping spiral pattern.The flowers open in the morning and bloom for three days.Scientific Classification Kingdom: Plantae Subkingdom: Viridiplantae Superdivision: Embryophyta Division: Tracheophyta Subdivision: Spermatophytina Class: Magnoliopsida Superorder: Proteanae Order: Proteales Family: Nelumbonaceae Genus: Nelumbo Species: Nelumbo nucifera Distribution Nelumbo nucifera or the Indian Lotus is native to Eastern Asia although its distribution ranges throughout the world in semi-tropical climate condition.It is predominant in the Indian subcontinent including India, Bangladesh, and Myanmar; but also very common in other south-east Asian countries like Bali, Indonesia, Malaysia etc.Average Dimensions: 1.5 cm long; horizontal spread of 3 m Average Diameter: Leaves – 0.6 m; flowers – 0.2 m Average Number of Petals: 30 The national flower of a country should tie in with the culture, history and heritage of a nation.It is meant to reinforce the country’s image to the world and play a part in upholding the qualities that the nation holds true. It is an aquatic herb that is often termed as ‘Padma’ in Sanskrit and enjoys a sacred status among the Indian culture.