Emotional Essays

Spearman (1923) but forward the idea that there is a general factor of intelligence, called 'g'.

In addition, all of the factors are not of equal weight - the body-kinaesthetic and musical intelligences are seen as less important.

What Gardner's theory misses is the idea of a linkage between the factors - this is what sets Sternberg's (1985) theory apart.

Indeed some researchers claim that these six basic emotions find their genesis in the basic types of interactions that humans have with each other and this explains why they have developed independently in different cultures (Ekman, 1994).

Early theories of how the experience of emotions is produced emphasised a causal connection between physiological changes and the feelings experienced.

One of the most important early studies was carried out by Schachter and Singer (1962) in which half the participants were injected with a stimulant and the other half a placebo.

Different groups were told different things about the effect that the injection would have on them with some of the information being inaccurate.Definitions of emotion and intelligence are both difficult as the categories can be so broad.Emotions do not just incorporate our bodily feelings but also are very important in our social interactions, how we behave and how we understand the world.Theoretically, intelligence has been approached from a wide variety of positions.advanced the idea that there are a number of factors which make up intelligence.Definitions of intelligence have also varied quite considerably over the history of psychology.The main problem with defining intelligence is that it can be perceived as an extremely broad concept and so it is difficult to know what to include and exclude.They posited that it was the feelings that were caused by the physiological changes.Modern theories question this early approach which does not allow any room for the effects of cognitions on emotions.Crystallised intelligence refers to those abilities that are gained through knowledge and experience while fluid intelligence refers to those tasks for which the brain is required to engage in new thinking processes.The theories of Spearman (1923), Thurstone (1938) and Cattell (1963) have all been brought together in a hierarchical model by Carroll (1986).


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