You can be the judge when you learn more about 'antithesis' in this lesson, where you'll see the device defined as well as employed in some familiar literary works! Authors have been using this technique for millennia in order to emphasize the distinctions between important ideas by using groups of words that vividly differ from one another. Here, we can find the opposition in his use of 'small step' and 'giant leap,' as well as in the appearance of 'man' and 'mankind.' But antithesis is about more than merely using contradictory words.
Top 11) Inversion: It is also known as “anastrophe” the normal order of words is reversed, in order to achieve a particular effect of emphasis.
(Generally the form is changed from active to passive) Examples of inversion are as follows - “On a hot, hot day, and I in pyjamas for the heat, To drink there.” The correct form of sentence is (I had gone to drink there in my pyjamas because of heat) Top 12) Metaphor: It is indirect comparison by highlighting a particular quality of two things.
Juxtaposition – In literature, juxtaposition is a literary device wherein the author places a person, concept, place, idea or theme parallel to another.
The purpose of juxtaposing two directly/indirectly related entities close together in literature is to highlight the contrast between the two and compare them.
Antithesis – An antithesis is used when the writer employs two sentences of contrasting meanings in close proximity to one another.
Whether they are words or phrases of the same sentence, an antithesis is used to create a stark contrast using two divergent elements that come together to create one uniform whole.Examples of Alliteration are as follows - “So till the judgement that yourself arise, You live in this, and dwell in lover’s eyes.” Judgement is referred to the judgement day which is an important day in the Christian religion.They believe that god will judge the deeds of all dead people on this day. Over the fields and the water too: Use of sound ‘o’ (Good, you, hop, too) Top 6) Asyndeton: A writing style in which conjunctions are omitted between words, phrases or clauses.Top 8) Enjambment: When a sentence continues into two or more lines in a poem Examples of Enjambment are as follows - “Once upon a time a frog Croaked away in Bingle Bog Every night from dusk to dawn He croaked awn and awn and awn The sentence continues from first to last line Top 9) Hyperbole: It is a Greek word meaning “overcasting”. Examples of Hyperbole are as follows - “My name is Ozymandias, King of kings” Here they have used hyperbole because Ozymandias refers himself as king of the kings.Top 10) Imagery: The creation of any sensory effect like visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, tactile, kinesthetic, organic.( to create scenes in the poem) Examples of imagery are as follows - “But one night a nightingale In the moonlight cold and pale Perched upon the sumac tree Casting forth her melody” Here we can imagine a scene of night that is cold and nightingale is singing melodiously on a branch of sumac tree “Ducks had swum and herons waded To her as she serenaded And a solitary loon Wept, beneath the summer moon Here the poet has presented a kinesthetic imagery; this means he has described certain movements by ducks and herons that are trying to reach to the sumac tree to hear nightingale’s voice.Examples of metaphor are as follows - “I chatter over stony ways, In little sharps and trebles, I bubble into eddying bays, I babble on the pebbles. Here also both heavy and lightness are written together though they are opposite of each other.The words ‘chatter’, ‘trebles’, ‘bubble’ and ‘babble’ are used to show flowing water of a spring Top 14) Oxymoron: It is when apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction. Meaning of brawl is to fight and love is to have affection for other person. Heavy means which has more weight and light means which has less weight.As its origins in ancient Greek would suggest, antithesis (Greek for 'opposition,' 'contradiction') has been a popular tool for writers since antiquity, especially among Roman poets of the 1st century A. Let's turn from the space program, now, and look at a few instances of antithesis in some literary works you're sure to recognize!Paradise Lost, John Milton's classic of 17th-century English literature is full of profound uses of various literary devices. While discussing his exile from Heaven to Hell, Lucifer makes the very poignant argument that it is 'Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven.' For all intents and purposes, this represents the ultimate opposition - not only in terms of locale, but of position, as well.It is different from repetition because here the repetition is being done at regular intervals.Top 17) Rhyme: The usage of words in a way to create musical effect. Examples of rhyme are as follows - “The guests are met, the feast is set: May’st hear the merry din Here the rhyming words are met and set “The ship was cheered, the harbour cleared, Merrily did we drop Below the Kirk, below the hill, Below the lighthouse top Here the rhyming words are cheered-cleared and drop-top Top 18) Repetition: It is the repeated use of a word of line to lay emphasis Examples of repetition are as follows - “He lifted his head from his drinking, as cattle do” Here the snake is compared with cattle by using ‘as’ Top 20) Synecdoche: It is a word or phrase in which a part of something is used to refer to the whole of it.