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Those “who believe that community policing is practiced in their neighborhood are more likely to express favorable opinions of the police.”(Weitzer & Tuch, 2006, p. Community policing is seen as an effective way to promote public safety and to enhance the quality of life in a community.45) Together, in partnership, the community and police department work together to achieve a common goal of a safer, better place to live. Community policing plays a pivotal role in the two defining elements of policing: police-community relations and problem-solving.Implementing community policing changes the structure of policing and how it is managed.
This helps police get a better sense of resident’s needs and helps residents to develop greater trust in the police.
In essence the community joins the police department.
With any method of policing there are going to be advantages and disadvantages.
One of the main advantages to community policing is that it reduces fear in the community.
“First, it should broaden police organization goals …Second, it should alter the way police are organized to accomplish their goals.” (Weisburd & Braga, 2007, p.
47) Active participation is required from the local government to the average citizen in order for community policing to work.
The solutions and strategies change as the community changes.
If a plan works in one community it doesn’t mean that it will work in all communities. Making effective use of the talents and resources available within communities will help extend severely strained police resources.
Also they are more likely to obtain a reliable evaluation of the needs of citizens and their expectations of the police.
As previously stated, community policing plays a major part in police-community relations and problem-solving.