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There are also different forms of citation for different disciplines.For example, when you cite sources in a psychology paper you would probably use a different form of citation than you might in a paper for an English class.If your sources are very important to your ideas, you should mention the author and work in a sentence that introduces your citation.
APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). Teaching native speakers to listen to foreign-accented speech. If the author is not known, use the title and the date as the in-text citation (for long titles just use the first few words). Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. Group as author: First citation: (American Psychological Association [APA], 2015) Subsequent citation: (APA, 2015) Multiple works: (separate each work with semi-colons) Research shows that listening to a particular accent improves comprehension of accented speech in general (Gass & Varonis, 1984; Krech Thomas, 2004).
For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 23(4), 245-259. Your in-text citation should lead your reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list. Web page with author: In-text citation Role-play can help children learn techniques for coping with bullying (Kraiser, 2011). Direct quote: (include page number and place quotation marks around the direct quote) One study found that “the listener's familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (Gass & Varonis, 1984, p. Gass and Varonis (1984) found that “the listener’s familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (p. Note: For direct quotations of more than 40 words, display the quote as an indented block of text without quotation marks and include the authors’ names, year, and page number in parentheses at the end of the quote.
Finally, you should always consult your instructor to determine the form of citation appropriate for your paper.
You can save a lot of time and energy simply by asking "How should I cite my sources," or "What style of citation should I use? In the following sections, we will take you step-by-step through some general guidelines for citing sources.
This depends on what type of work you are writing, how you are using the borrowed material, and the expectations of your instructor.
First, you have to think about how you want to identify your sources.Keep only the material that is strictly relevant to your own ideas.So here you would not want to quote the middle sentence, since it is repeated again in the more informative last sentence.The first time you cite a source, it is almost always a good idea to mention its author(s), title, and genre (book, article, or web page, etc.).If the source is central to your work, you may want to introduce it in a separate sentence or two, summarizing its importance and main ideas.You should say whether they are economic analysts, artists, physicists, etc.If you do not know anything about the author, and cannot find any information, it is best to say where you found the source and why you believe it is credible and worth citing.More information on citing sources without pagination is given on the APA Style web page. For example: This suggests that familiarity with nonnative speech in general, although it is clearly not as important a variable as topic familiarity, may indeed have some effect.Example paragraph with in-text citation A few researchers in the linguistics field have developed training programs designed to improve native speakers' ability to understand accented speech (Derwing, Rossiter, & Munro, 2002; Thomas, 2004). That is, prior experience with nonnative speech, such as that gained by listening to the reading, facilitates comprehension. 77) APA style has specific rules for citing works by multiple authors.Note: When using multiple authors' names as part of your narrative, rather than in parentheses, always spell out the word and.For multiple authors' names within a parenthetic citation, use &.