Brave New World Essays Technology

Brave New World Essays Technology-26
Brave New World is a dystopian novel by English author Aldous Huxley, written in 1931 and published in 1932.Largely set in a futuristic World State, inhabited by genetically modified citizens and an intelligence-based social hierarchy, the novel anticipates huge scientific advancements in reproductive technology, sleep-learning, psychological manipulation, and classical conditioning, that are combined to make a utopian society which is challenged by only a single individual: the story's protagonist.

Brave New World is a dystopian novel by English author Aldous Huxley, written in 1931 and published in 1932.

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Despite spending his whole life in the reservation, John has never been accepted by the villagers, and his and Linda's lives have been hard and unpleasant.

Linda has taught John to read, although from the only two books in her possession—a scientific manual and the complete works of Shakespeare.

Huxley said that Brave New World was inspired by the utopian novels of H. Wells, including A Modern Utopia (1905), and Men Like Gods (1923).

Wells's hopeful vision of the futures‘ possibilities gave Huxley the idea to begin writing a parody of the novels, which became Brave New World. Arthur Goldsmith, an American acquaintance, that he had "been having a little fun pulling the leg of H. Wells", but then he "got caught up in the excitement of [his] own ideas." Unlike the most popular optimist utopian novels of the time, Huxley sought to provide a frightening vision of the future. George Orwell believed that Brave New World must have been partly derived from the 1921 novel We by Russian author Yevgeny Zamyatin.

An early trip to the United States gave Brave New World much of its character.

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Not only was Huxley outraged by the culture of youth, commercial cheeriness and sexual promiscuity, and the inward-looking nature of many Americans, The novel opens in the World State city of London in AF (After Ford) 632 (AD 2540 in the Gregorian calendar), where citizens are engineered through artificial wombs and childhood indoctrination programmes into predetermined classes (or castes) based on intelligence and labour.Ostracised by the villagers, John is able to articulate his feelings only in terms of Shakespearean drama, quoting often from The Tempest, King Lear, Othello, Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet.Linda now wants to return to London, and John, too, wants to see this "brave new world".Bernard sees an opportunity to thwart plans to exile him, and gets permission to take Linda and John back.On their return to London, John meets the Director and calls him his "father", a vulgarity which causes a roar of laughter.He rushes to Linda's bedside, causing a scandal, as this is not the "correct" attitude to death.Some children who enter the ward for "death-conditioning" come across as disrespectful to John until he attacks one physically.Huxley followed this book with a reassessment in essay form, Brave New World Revisited (1958), and with his final novel, Island (1962), the utopian counterpart.The novel is often compared to George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949).His only friend is Helmholtz Watson, a gifted writer who finds it difficult to use his talents creatively in their pain-free society.Bernard takes a holiday with Lenina outside the World State to a Savage Reservation in New Mexico, in which the two observe natural-born people, disease, the ageing process, other languages, and religious lifestyles for the first time (the culture of the village folk resembles the contemporary Native American groups of the region, descendants of the Anasazi, including the Puebloan peoples of Acoma, Laguna and Zuni).

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