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Pluralists believe that pressure groups overcome the democratic deficit that builds up as most people’s political participation is to cast a vote every five years, this leading to people having little or no influence over decisions made between elections, and minority views not being represented.Pressure groups increase participation and access to the political system, thereby enhancing the quality of democracy.This is a good thing as everyone as a whole is being accepted and a broad range of people’s rights are being considered including minorities.
Pressure group activity gives people hope that they can make a difference. The ruling class would rather that people put their energies into pressure group activities, which do not question the fundamentals of the system than into political activity, which seriously challenges the right of the elite to govern.
The in-egalitarian way that some groups operate increases social discontent and political instability by intensifying the sense of social frustration and injustice felt by disadvantaged and excluded sections of the population.
They complement and supplement electoral democracy in two main ways: first, by providing an important mechanism by which citizens can influence government between elections; and second by enabling opinions to be weighed as well as counted. Consultation with affected groups is the rational way to make decisions in a free society.
It makes government more efficient by enhancing the quality of the decision making process – the information and advice provided by groups helps to improve the quality of government policy and legislation.
The intention of the group is to raise the profile or the cause and/or advance it.
Unlike political Insider groups will regularly be consulted by the government.Pressure groups improve participation, but in an unequal way, benefiting the well organised but disadvantaging the weakly organised.In this sense, they work against – not in favour of – the public interest.The Influence of Pressure Groups on the Government This essay will outline the significance to which pressure groups have an influence on government and explain how they have fared under New Labour governments.Whilst the term ‘pressure groups’ may be relatively new, the concept itself dates back as far as 1787.Pressure groups enable new concerns and issues to reach the political agenda, thereby facilitating social progress and preventing social stagnation.For example, the women’s and environmentalist movements.Pressure groups themselves may not be representative of their members. Few groups have procedures for consulting their members.As a result, the views expressed by group officials may not be shared by the group’s members.Large-scale demonstrations mounted by any group may lead to unpleasant clashes without the police, sometimes involving militants with their own agenda.This level of civil disobedience cannot be justified in today’s democratic system.