It is this mystery that causes men to suffer through their mortal existence instead of ending their lives.
The king is engaged in preaching ethics to his family members and courtiers regarding balancing life between sorrows and everyday preoccupations.
/ It is not nor it cannot come to good: / But break, my heart; for I must hold my tongue.
Explanation: Hamlet begins by stating he wishes to be dead, yet he will not commit suicide for fear of everlasting punishment.
This scene also presents Polonius and his son Laertes, who is foil to Hamlet throughout the play.
Laertes comes to the king to demand his permission to leave for France.To die, to sleep; / To sleep, perchance to dream—ay, there's the rub: / For in that sleep of death what dreams may come, (65) / When we have shuffled off this mortal coil, / Must give us pause—there's the respect / That makes calamity of so long life./ For who would bear the whips and scorns of time, / Th'oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely, (70) / The pangs of dispriz'd love, the law's delay, / The insolence of office, and the spurns / That patient merit of th'unworthy takes, / When he himself might his quietus make / With a bare bodkin?Soliloquies with this uplifting message from Hamlet himself: ACT I, SCENE 2, LINES 129-159 O, that this too too solid flesh would melt, / Thaw and resolve itself into a dew! / How weary, stale, flat and unprofitable, / Seem to me all the uses of this world! a beast, that wants discourse of reason, (150) / Would have mourn'd longer—married with my uncle, / My father's brother, but no more like my father / Than I to Hercules: within a month: / Ere yet the salt of most unrighteous tears / Had left the flushing in her galled eyes, (155) / She married.(130) / Or that the Everlasting had not fix'd / His canon 'gainst self-slaughter! O, most wicked speed, to post / With such dexterity to incestuous sheets!This is largely because Claudius’ idea that all will follow his example proves hollow, as it is not possible to maintain a balance between the death of his brother and his joy of getting married to his deceased brother’s wife.Also, his own logic defies his morality when he says, “Therefore, our sometimes sister, now our queen,” which points to an irreligious element in the play (8).He continues to criticize his mother's quick marriage to an inferior person so soon after his father's death.Hamlet's heart his broken and must not speak of his disgust in public.Who would fardels bear, (75) / To grunt and sweat under a weary life, / But that the dread of something after death, / The undiscovere'd country, from whose bourn / No traveller returns, puzzles the will, / And makes us rather bear those ills we have (80) / Than fly to others that we know not of?/ Thus conscience does make cowards of us all, / And thus the native hue of resolution / Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought, / And enterprises of great pitch and moment (85)/ With this regard their currents turn awry / And lose the name of action.