His favourites were the writings of French president Charles de Gaulle, British prime minister Winston Churchill, and Italian Renaissance philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli.After passing a course in accounting, Mobutu began to dabble professionally in journalism.
His favourites were the writings of French president Charles de Gaulle, British prime minister Winston Churchill, and Italian Renaissance philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli.Tags: Berkeley Architecture Essay CompetitionPreschool Homework Sheets To PrintFormat For College Application EssaySpeckled Band CourseworkChild Caregiver Cover LetterShort Case Studies On Training And Development
Mobutu received strong support (military, diplomatic and economic) from the United States, France and Belgium, who saw him as the strongest pillar of anti-communism in Francophone Africa; he also built close ties with the governments of Apartheid South Africa, Israel and the Greek military junta.
From 1972 onwards, he was also supported by Mao Zedong of China, mainly due to his anti-Soviet stance, but also as part of Mao's attempts to create a bloc of Afro-Asian nations led by him; the massive Chinese economic aid that flowed into Zaire allowed Mobutu more flexibility in his dealings with Western governments, gave him the chance to portray himself as an "anti-capitalist revolutionary", and enabled him to avoid going to the International Monetary Fund for assistance.
But everyone agreed that this was an extremely intelligent man, very young, perhaps immature, but a man with great potential." Following the general election, Lumumba was tasked with creating a government.
He gave Mobutu the office of Secretary of State to the Presidency.
A physically imposing figure, Mobutu dominated school sports.
He also excelled in academic subjects and ran the class newspaper.He was the object of a pervasive cult of personality.The nation suffered from uncontrolled inflation, a large debt, and massive currency devaluations.Mobutu held much influence in the final determination of the rest of the government.On 5 July 1960, soldiers of the Force Publique stationed at Camp Léopold II in Léopoldville, dissatisfied with their all-white leadership and working conditions, mutinied.Still angry after his clashes with the school priests, he did not marry in a church.His contribution to the wedding festivities was a crate of beer, all his army salary could afford.During the Congo Crisis, Mobutu, serving as Chief of Staff of the Army and supported by Belgium and the United States, deposed the democratically elected government of nationalist Patrice Lumumba in 1960.Mobutu installed a government that arranged for Lumumba's execution in 1961, and continued to lead the country's armed forces until he took power directly in a second coup in 1965.Thereafter he was raised by an uncle and a grandfather.The wife of the Belgian judge took a liking to Mobutu and taught him to speak, read, and write fluently in the French language.