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But in people with acrophobia, this response can occur when no danger is present.For instance, some people are extremely distressed when thinking about heights.This suggests that people are born with a dislike of heights.
According to authors, Martin Antony and Karen Rowa’s book Overcoming Fear of Heights: How to Conquer Acrophobia and Live a Life without Limits, to be considered a phobia; the fear of heights must be excessive and unrealistic.
Thus, the symptoms of the fear must be in excess of what the actual situation indicates or must cause significant impairment and distress in the individual.
People with acrophobia often avoid situations where they will be exposed to heights. When faced with heights or anticipating them, their sympathetic nervous system is aroused, as if preparing the body for an emergency.
This arousal helps either approach or escape from a threat (commonly known as the fight-or-flight response).
There are two main perspectives about how acrophobia develops.
Broadly, fears and phobias are either innate (evolutionary perspective) or learned (behaviourist perspective).Instead, acrophobia is somehow hardwired so people have this fear before they first come into contact with heights.Evolutionary psychologists suggest people who are afraid of heights are more likely to escape from this potentially dangerous situation or avoid it altogether.But, if you're afraid of heights, maybe you should be happy. Some scientists think that acrophobia is an inborn or innate phobia. Scientists think that a fear of heights is a successful adaptation to our world, where falls from height are dangerous.Experiments have shown that infants and young children are naturally cautious around heights.Individuals having the fear of heights generally avoid tall buildings, Ferris wheels, roller coasters, skiing or even standing on high hills or balconies.Acrophobia generally affects the recreational activities one can enjoy.Fear of heights or Acrophobia is a debilitating anxiety disorder that affects nearly 1 in every 20 adults.The word is derived from the Greek word “Acron” meaning heights and “phobos” meaning fear.Whether you are an individual suffering from the fear of heights, or knows someone who does, this brief guide is written for you.Here we shall study the causes, symptoms and treatment options for the fear of heights, which is also known as acrophobia.